Makalu is the 5th highest mountains in the world with the altitude of 8,485 metres. In the eastern of Nepal, the Makalu area is protected by the Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation Project which offers a combination of rich culture heritage, unsurpassed beauty and biological diversity.Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer zone, with the total area of 2330 sq. km. is the only protected area with an elevation of 8,000m with a strict nature reserve, promeninetly involved in protecting the forests and natural resources, and in conserving the rich cultural heritage of the ethnic inhabitants. Thus this area is blessed with diversity of natural vegetation, culture and life style of local people.
Easy trekking are basically for the beginners. This kind of treks is typically done in the lower hilly region of elevation below 3500 metre. The trails in this trek are generally vertical and walking time is 3 - 5 hours everyday.
Moderate types of trekking generally take place on the low altitude zone crossing the passes below the elevation of 4500 meters. Normally the walking is from 4 - 6 hours each day.
Hard kind of trekking routes crosses through the wild and adventurous trails and sometimes passes through the snow covered high passes between 4500 meters to 5500 meters. Usually the walks takes from 7-8 hours everyday.
Generally this types of routes are demanding long distance treks where the walks takes up to 9 hours each day. Each trail crosses at least one pass over 5500 meters frequently contains hardly ever explored regions. Challenging are the expedition types of activity.